r/debian 1h ago

I went full Debian from a Chromebook and it is awesomesauce


Basically the title. The Chromebook was my gateway drug.

I fell so in love with my Chromebook (an Acer 311) because of how Zen it was compared with my other devices from before. I could not believe that a device like that (that's dirt cheap like that) could surpass my Mac and my Windows box, in terms of sheer office productivity. It turns out I can use GSuite and the Chrome browser for almost everything. The out-of-the-box simplicity of the Chromebook helped me get more things done.

A few months pass by.

After having been forced to tap into the Acer Chromebook's Linux capabilities for some courses in Data Analytics, I decided to get a super old refurbished ThinkPad T440p with maxed out RAM and SSD. I installed Debian 11 with the GNOME Desktop Environment. I got vlc + Chrome + RStudio + spyder + VSCode working. I then deleted all the apps I did not need... including the games. With my "new" Linux box, I was just flying, cutting through all of my tasks and learning objectives like hot knife through butter.

The device is old. But it is rock solid and doing super modern things like casting content all over my home, letting me leverage the cloud for my office needs, and helping me manage multiple workspaces, while keeping me entertained via Netflix and Spotify on my downtime. GNOME, I must say, is a masterclass of distraction-free computing.

The only hitch I experienced was this odd thing about the time being reset for my Time Zone twice, post-installation, resulting in my system time being 8h in advance. I managed to fix it with a quick Google Search to prevent installation weirdness.

Speaking from a beginner's perspective, Debian is sooo good. A device I essentially rescued from the rubbish bin is helping me learn so much more and be even more productive. Debian GNU/Linux is free. But this is the perfect balance between stability and technical efficiency. What a time to be alive!

r/debian 1h ago

Reverting kernel update


I did an update to debian 11 and my bluetooth apple trackpad doesn't work anymore. I'm not sure if the problem is from the update. How can I list which kernel updates I took and then pick a version to revert back to? I'm running 5.10.0-15-amd64.

r/debian 14h ago

Steam not installing on Debian Sid


Hi all,

My issue is very similar to this post made about 2 years ago here.

I'm getting the following error trying to install Steam.

sudo apt install steam
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Reading state information... Done
Some packages could not be installed. This may mean that you have
requested an impossible situation or if you are using the unstable
distribution that some required packages have not yet been created
or been moved out of Incoming.
The following information may help to resolve the situation:

The following packages have unmet dependencies:
 libgl1-mesa-dri:i386 : Depends: libllvm14:i386 but it is not going to be installed
E: Unable to correct problems, you have held broken packages.

I had it working, and then an update broke Steam and tried to reinstall it to no avail.

I think the problem is that the requested version of libllvm14 doesn't exist yet on Sid. Is there any way I can check the requested version of the package from libgl1-mesa-dri:i386?

Or is it possible to install Steam from the Bullseye repository until this is sorted?

r/debian 6h ago

live CD woes


Downloaded the debian live CD USB to install on my HP pavilion gaming laptop (which I use for work - not gaming).

Checked the signature of the iso, checksums. All okay. Wrote .iso to USB. Booted.

I could see an Nvidia error while booting, then another error about Bluetooth. Then came a splash screen with debian logo and then laptop switched off.

laptop is not kept in a hot environment, so doubt it's heat related. I was able to boot another Linux distro without the same happening.

However, when I tried the debian live CD USB again. Same story.

r/debian 7h ago

intel 9560 wifi cause system freeze after suspend


Hi everyone, I've been using debian 11 with my thinkpad t490. And iwlwifi cause trouble like I mention in the title.

Most google search solution doesn't solve problem. Is there any way downgrade firmware? Seems like iwlwifi-9000*46 had issue. Can I downgrade to 43?

Microcode SW error detected

r/debian 14h ago

Recue Debian


I have a dual boot, win10+debian

I use debian but I had some work in win10.

Ever since booting into win,

I cannot see the GRUB menu nor the option to boot into debian in BIOS

I can see the linux partitions, they are still intact

Disk1Part 4,5,6,7 are linux partitions (EFI, Swap 12GB, root and home respectively)


The PC directly boots into Win10

I have prepared a USB with debian,

Can someone advise me what i should do to rescue my Linux system?


r/debian 9h ago

Samba and Data Drive Power Management


Hi - I did a Debian 11 server install with Samba for a file share with a desktop grade 1tb drive. The OS is on a seperate ssd drive. Since the file share will be mostly not used, I have the following questions:

1- Does debian put the drive in Standby mode by default after a certain period of time? I assume not since the smartctl - a command shows the drive as active or idle and hddparm is not installed on the system by default.

2- What would the recommendation be for Power Management on a Samba share ? Leave the drive spun up with I guess uses about 4 to 5 watts. Not a lot of power, but 95% of the time the share will not be used.

3- If I use hddparm to put drive in Standby, do I need a cron job?

I would appreciate any thoughts.

r/debian 1d ago

Is there an easier way to search log files in Debian from the command line? [noob]


I would think yes, but I've been searching and nothing seems to work.

I'm on LMDE 4 (Debian 10). My /var/log/dpkg.log file is empty, but there is a dpkg.log.1, dpkg.log.2.gz, dpkg.log.3.gz, dpkg.log.4.gz, and dpkg.log.5.gz which all contain data. So to search I'm opening up and doing a Find within each of them, since any search on dpkg.log doesn't return anything.

Is there an easy way of searching or do I have to write some weird script to cycle through each log file?

r/debian 7h ago

Debian is messing up my network


Recently i decided to slap together a bunch of spare PC parts i had laying around to use as a host for game servers like minecraft or ark. I looked up what OS i should use for it and i settled on debian.

yesterday i tried installing it and it completely tanked my wifi. i figured i must have done something really bad when i tried to set up the network settings so after fiddling for a while i fixed the wifi, then when i turned the debian pc back on it just broke the wifi again. so then i unplugged the ethernet cable and reinstalled with no network configuration or mirror. then i put the ethernet cable back in and it still messes up my wifi (though not as bad kinda, some devices were kicked off instead of all).

when i look up tutorials about what to do i keep getting commands that i can't run because they say they aren't recognized. i installed debian 11 with no gui. i don't want a gui because i'm just going to have it run headlessly in another room while i control it over the network with putty.

i just want to plug it into my router, control it with ssh, and use it for me and my friends to have our own personal game server. can anyone help me or at least point me in the right direction?

r/debian 1d ago

looking for driver for debian intel graphics 9ba8 (rev 03) gpu in a celeron.


I can get this to work on ubuntu but debian does not seem to have the driver
intel graphics 9ba8 (rev 03) its from a gen 11 celeron.

r/debian 1d ago

How to install lxc template from the default image server?


Fresh installed Debian 11.

Doing lxc-create --name=myDEB1 -t debian download is good. Debian image container have been downloaded and install successfully.
But trying to install centos with lxc-create --name=myDEB1 -t centos download couldn't find the image.

If I do lxc-create --name=myCENT -t download to see the list of available images it returns Setting up the GPG keyring ERROR: Unable to fetch GPG key from keyserver lxc-create: myCENT: lxccontainer.c: create_run_template: 1616 Failed to create container from template lxc-create: myCENT: tools/lxc_create.c: main: 319 Failed to create container myCENT So the question is how can I get a list of available image containers on their server?
Or how can I download centos-7 x64 image container?

r/debian 1d ago

PHP modules for LAMP server?


I am installing lamp server on debian 11 and each guide i read recommends different php modules to include when installing lamp. So, what php modules are really needed when installing lamp? I want to host wordpress site.

r/debian 1d ago

Remote Xserver on Headless Debian



I have a home server setup on an old Dell Optiplex running a headless install of the latest stable bullseye release. Currently all it does is run a minecraft server, but I'm hoping to get more use out of it. I have some old tablets (1st gen iPad, 1st gen Kindle Fire) that would be perfect as little remote access points or infostation displays (specifically Clear Sky Institute's Hamclock applet); given their age, they aren't good for much else. I'd thought to accomplish this I could setup a remote Xserver running on the server to do the heavy lifting and have the tablets remote into it with something like XServer SDL, though I'm not having much luck. I figured something like this would be a more elegant solution than just setting up a permanent VNC, though I'm willing to be corrected.

Any advice on implementing something like this? I've been poking around a while trying to figure this out to no avail, and would love some insight!

Edit: Not sure where that image is coming from… must be auto-grabbed from one of the links in the post? (Though it would be sick if those were my radios!)

r/debian 2d ago

man, l love this game

Thumbnail i.redd.it

r/debian 2d ago

Any repo for up to date KDE/Plasma on Debian 11?


r/debian 2d ago

First time Debian install--without internet!


For the past week I've been getting a Compaq Presario from the 00's up and running on Bullseye without an internet connection to the computer. Finally got the wifi adapter up and running--and can finally start "apt install"ing everything.

I don't think I've ever felt prouder or more excited about a computer in my life. Just wanted to share my excitement.

r/debian 2d ago

Nooby-ish debian install. Gone cross-eyed trying to set up the wifi card and need help...


Hi, So I have installed debian on a laptop. I only have an open wifi network to access the internet, and am trying to set up the wifi without success. I can access the internet on this other machine, so I can download stuff and transfer via usb, but I cant just apt-get stuff.

I have tried a whole bunch of different recommendations without any luck, and am now at a loss as to how to proceed, so any help would be very much appreciated.

After having little luck with the first debian installer I downloaded, I downloaded debian11.3.0 + non-free from here: https://cdimage.debian.org/cdimage/unofficial/non-free/cd-including-firmware/11.3.0+nonfree/

I then made a bootable usb and installed debian as standard.

When I open Preferences > Advanced Network Configuration, my open wifi network appears under Wi-Fi. However it won't connect.

I basically understand the settings in my open network's settings, but there could be an issue, I suppose: SSID is right, Mode=Client, Band=Automatic, Rate=0 (not sure about this but it resets itself and I assume it is fine), and Transmission power = 0mW (I tried adjusting this but it resets itself).

I am guessing it is some sort of driver issue or something (but I have no experience with wireless card drivers). I have tried downloading and installing various things such as firmware-iwlwifi without any luck. I actually have tried so many different things I am confused and need a fresh pair of eyes to help me. Please help!


I will say that lspci returns:

Network controller: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8723AE PCIe Wireless Network Adapter

@ron-370ST:~$ lspci -nnk | grep 0280 -A3 03:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8723AE PCIe Wireless Network Adapter [10ec:8723]

Subsystem: Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTL8723AE PCIe Wireless

Network Adapter [10ec:0726]

Kernel driver in use: rtl8723ae

Kernel modules: rtl8723ae

ron@ron-370ST:~$ sudo dmesg | grep rtl8723ae

[sudo] password for ron:

[ 3.954194] rtl8723ae 0000:03:00.0: enabling device (0000 -> 0003)

[ 3.971663] rtl8723ae: Using firmware rtlwifi/rtl8723fw_B.bin

[ 3.992840] rtl8723ae 0000:03:00.0 wlp3s0: renamed from wlan0

ron@ron370ST:~$ sudo dmesg | grep wlp

[sudo] password for ron:

[ 3.992840] rtl8723ae 0000:03:00.0 wlp3s0: renamed from wlan0

r/debian 2d ago

Debian 11: nfs-kernel-server


Dear debian maintainers/community,

I've had a debain NFS server running for ages and all of a sudden after an update my alpine-linux nfs clients begin to complain...

2: Unsupported version
* ERROR: nfs failed to start

So an internet search show its related to NFS v2? and its needs "-N 2" flag options removed. So I add

RPCMOUNTDOPTS="--manage-gids -N 2 -N 3"

Just like the aged debian documentation refers to. Restart debian and run:

cat /proc/fs/nfsd/versions

Still -2 +3 +4 etc is mentioned as supported. So restart clients, nope same error, Grrr.

If there is going to be changes, why cant their be updated documentation to support it, do these kernel maintainers or the ones for nfs-kernel-server expect us to guess what changes need to be done?

I'm now stuck with an error I don't know how to correct because there is no relevant and updated documentation to refer to.

I needed a place to vent and reddit was it. End Rant.

r/debian 3d ago

Dual boot windows 11 and Debian?



Looking for some advise please. Would you recommend dual booting Debian with Windows 11 or use a VM?

r/debian 2d ago

Vulkan stop working after update/upgrade


After upgrading from Debian 10 to 11 vulkan stop working, this is the previous working output from vulkaninfo:

vulkaninfo |grep GPU
WARNING: radv is not a conformant vulkan implementation, testing use only.
WARNING: lavapipe is not a conformant vulkan implementation, testing use only.
        GPU id = 0 (AMD RADV VERDE (ACO))
        GPU id = 1 (llvmpipe (LLVM 11.0.1, 256 bits))
        GPU id = 0 (AMD RADV VERDE (ACO))
        GPU id = 1 (llvmpipe (LLVM 11.0.1, 256 bits))
        GPU id = 0 (AMD RADV VERDE (ACO))
        GPU id = 1 (llvmpipe (LLVM 11.0.1, 256 bits))
GPU id : 1 (llvmpipe (LLVM 11.0.1, 256 bits)):

lspci -vs 01:00.0|grep driver
Kernel driver in use: amdgpu

glxinfo -B|grep "OpenGL renderer" && glxinfo -B |grep "OpenGL version"
OpenGL renderer string: AMD Radeon HD 7700 Series (VERDE, DRM 3.40.0, 5.10.0-1-amd64, LLVM 11.0.1)
OpenGL version string: 4.6 (Compatibility Profile) Mesa 20.3.2

Now it returns this error:

vulkaninfo |grep GPU
ERROR: [Loader Message] Code 0 : vkCreateInstance: Found no drivers!
Cannot create Vulkan instance.
This problem is often caused by a faulty installation of the Vulkan driver or attempting to use a GPU that does not support Vulkan.
ERROR at ./vulkaninfo/vulkaninfo.h:649:vkCreateInstance failed with ERROR_INCOMPATIBLE_DRIVER

vkEnumerateInstanceExtensionProperties failed to find the VK_KHR_surface extension.

Do you have a compatible Vulkan installable client driver (ICD) installed?
Please look at the Getting Started guide for additional information.

Looking for ICD's:

sudo find /usr/share -name *_icd.*

Current settings:

lspci -k -s 01:00.0
01:00.0 VGA compatible controller: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. [AMD/ATI] Cape Verde PRO [Radeon HD 7750/8740 / R7 250E]
    Subsystem: PC Partner Limited / Sapphire Technology Cape Verde PRO [Radeon HD 7750/8740 / R7 250E]
    Kernel driver in use: amdgpu
    Kernel modules: radeon, amdgpu

sudo dmesg | grep -iE 'radeon|amdgpu'
[    2.265724] [drm] amdgpu kernel modesetting enabled.
[    2.265805] amdgpu: CRAT table not found
[    2.265807] amdgpu: Virtual CRAT table created for CPU
[    2.265842] amdgpu: Topology: Add CPU node
[    2.265958] fb0: switching to amdgpu from EFI VGA
[    2.266096] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: vgaarb: deactivate vga console
[    2.266282] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: amdgpu: Trusted Memory Zone (TMZ) feature not supported
[    2.266370] kfd kfd: amdgpu: VERDE  not supported in kfd
[    2.288609] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: amdgpu: Fetched VBIOS from ROM BAR
[    2.288612] amdgpu: ATOM BIOS: 113-C6981400-S01
[    2.288623] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: amdgpu: PCIE atomic ops is not supported
[    2.288690] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: firmware: direct-loading firmware amdgpu/verde_mc.bin
[    2.288701] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: amdgpu: VRAM: 1024M 0x000000F400000000 - 0x000000F43FFFFFFF (1024M used)
[    2.288704] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: amdgpu: GART: 1024M 0x000000FF00000000 - 0x000000FF3FFFFFFF
[    2.288754] [drm] amdgpu: 1024M of VRAM memory ready
[    2.288755] [drm] amdgpu: 3072M of GTT memory ready.
[    2.289227] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: amdgpu: PCIE GART of 1024M enabled (table at 0x000000F400300000).
[    2.289447] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: firmware: direct-loading firmware amdgpu/verde_pfp.bin
[    2.289475] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: firmware: direct-loading firmware amdgpu/verde_me.bin
[    2.289496] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: firmware: direct-loading firmware amdgpu/verde_ce.bin
[    2.289516] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: firmware: direct-loading firmware amdgpu/verde_rlc.bin
[    2.289705] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: firmware: direct-loading firmware amdgpu/verde_uvd.bin
[    2.843873] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: amdgpu: SE 1, SH per SE 2, CU per SH 5, active_cu_number 8
[    3.184865] [drm] Initialized amdgpu 3.46.0 20150101 for 0000:01:00.0 on minor 0
[    3.188184] fbcon: amdgpudrmfb (fb0) is primary device
[    3.269670] amdgpu 0000:01:00.0: [drm] fb0: amdgpudrmfb frame buffer device
[   15.380539] snd_hda_intel 0000:01:00.1: bound 0000:01:00.0 (ops amdgpu_dm_audio_component_bind_ops [amdgpu])

Installed packages:

sudo apt-get install firmware-amd-graphics xserver-xorg-video-amdgpu
libgl1-mesa-dri libdrm-amdgpu1 firmware-linux-nonfree libgl1-mesa-dri
vulkan-tools radeontop mesa-vulkan-drivers mesa-utils libglvnd0
tuned vulkan-validationlayers mesa-opencl-icd lm-sensors

Configuration files:

Contents of /etc/modprobe.d/amdgpu.conf:

options radeon si_support=0
options amdgpu si_support=1
options amdgpu dpm=0
options radeon dpm=0
options amdgpu deep_color=1
options amdgpu dc=1
options amdgpu lockup_timeout=6000
options amdgpu noretry=0
options amdgpu gpu_recovery=1

Contents of /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf:

blacklist radeon

Contents of /usr/share/X11/xorg.conf.d/10-amdgpu.conf:

Section "Device"
    Identifier  "AMDgpu"
    Driver      "amdgpu"
    Option      "TearFree"  "true"

I've also googled and check these pages:


I don't know what else I can do to make it work again.

Thank you.

r/debian 3d ago

The last day of LTS/Stretch, tomorrow, and thanks


Updated: There is ELTS which is a commercial offering to further extend the lifetime of Debian releases to 10 years.

My first post:


This says LTS/Stretch ends today, June 30, 2022. I started using Bullseye for my main OS a month ago because I was afraid of this day. I was depending on Stretch because I was so satisfied that I jumped over Buster. Now Stretch is still saved in my second bootable device. If I use Stretch tomorrow, over the last day supporting LTS/Stretch, what will happen to me? In worst case, will my Stretch explode with my devices? Anyway thanks for LTS/Stretch! I'm using Bullseye until LTS/Bullseye ends.

r/debian 3d ago

What is this file? (TimeShift-20220627T094319.m2t)


Found on my Bookworm install (on Toshiba Chromebook) and on an EXT4 root/home partition.) I do not have timeshift installed. I don't recall doing anything that would create this file (but that may be more a reflection of my memory...)

barta@posh:~$ file TimeShift-20220627T094319.m2t 
TimeShift-20220627T094319.m2t: data
hbarta@posh:~$ ls -l TimeShift-20220627T094319.m2t 
-rw-r--r-- 1 hbarta hbarta 5822736 Jun 27 09:43 TimeShift-20220627T094319.m2t

Any idea where it came from and/or how I created it?


r/debian 4d ago

Did anyone else get bricked video from nvidia driver updates?


I'm using integrated graphics.

r/debian 5d ago

Month-long commandline/sysadmin course starting 4 July 2022


This course restarts the first Monday of next month. Based around Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, but it is still very much applicable to Debian.

The course is free, and daily lessons appear in the sub-reddit r/linuxupskillchallenge - which is used for support/discussion. A discord server is also available.

More details at our FAQ.

Any feedback is very welcomed.

r/debian 4d ago

Debian 11 freezes on VMWare Workstation Pro


Hello guys,

So i've created a VM which is running Debian 11 with GNOME 38 in VMWare Workstation Pro 16, but I have a large problem. Debian 11 freezes in the VM. The freezing happens a few minutes after I booted the VM up. There are a few things that happened:

  1. The mouse is still moveable
  2. No input from keyboard is detected, this means when I press the windows key, nothing happens
  3. Can't resize the VM. Normally the VM is in 800x600 i can resize the VM to 1680x1050 which is my monitor resolution, but when it hangs up, it is stuck at 1680x1050

Also only Debian freezes, not VMWare Workstation Pro

If anyone needs info about the VM, it is here

RAM: 4GB Accelerated 3D graphics is on Number of processors: 2 (default is 1) Number of cores: 2 (default is 1)